Department of Defense (DoD) activities, including weapons testing, practice bombing, and field maneuvers, have affected Native American lands. DoD initiated the Native American Lands Environmental Mitigation Program to address these environmental impacts. Most impacts from past DoD activities are addressed through the Formerly Used Defense Sites Program, administered by the United State Army Corps of Engineers. The Formerly Used Defense Sites Program reduces, in a timely, cost-effective manner, the risk to human health, safety, and the environment resulting from past DoD activities. Many Indian land sites are in the Formerly Used Defense Site inventory of projects, but are not scheduled to be addressed for an extended period of time. Because of this situation, Congress has expressed concern and has directed special funding to address impacts of significance to the tribes.

DoD created NALEMP to address environmental impacts on Indian lands from former DoD activities with maximum tribal participation, through Government-to-Government consultation. Impacts NALEMP helps address include:
• Hazardous Materials
• Munitions Debris
• Unsafe Buildings or Structures
• Lead-based Paint or Asbestos
• Abandoned Equipment

Bethel BIA & White Alice sites: (Before)

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Bethel BIA & White Alice sites: (Now)

Bethel BIA Buildings:

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BIA Winter 2014

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BIA Wide View, 2016

Old Bethel Airport: (Todd’s Field) Before





Todd’s Fields (2nd Airport)



2016 Old Airport Island

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